Artificial intelligence (AI) is transformational and can revolutionize the way we live and work. AI can boost worker productivity, increase business, and enhance product innovation. AI is being used to defend our country against cyberattacks, deliver high-quality healthcare solutions, assist persons with disabilities, and train workers, among other applications. AI development should be embraced because its potential for improving our lives is almost limitless.
However, AI innovation must be developed and implemented responsibly. In doing so, there are key issues that must be considered: privacy, transparency, data veracity, security, and workforce.
· Govern: AI must be created within a framework that is anchored to our shared core values, ethical guardrails, and regulatory constraints, in addition to an organization’s operating principles.
· Design: AI should adhere to “responsible by design” architecture and be deployed with trust and other safeguards built into the design. This means adherence to privacy, transparency, and security.
· Monitor: Throughout its lifecycle, AI must reflect human values and ensure that its performance is appropriately monitored and evaluated. AI must not perpetuate bias and discrimination, especially against vulnerable populations. Oversight and accountability enable humans to assess the need for improvements to ensure safety, fairness, and trustworthiness; protect against malicious activity; and address flawed datasets or assumptions.
· Train: Support active upskilling through education and training and human-computer symbiosis, help move employees from executing rote tasks to providing analysis that requires judgment and real-world understanding.
· Encourage the promotion and growth of training and workforce development for AI. This includes using techniques and practices to identify skills gaps and promote the learning needed to succeed in AI.
· Workforce development must also take steps to address potential displacement though retraining and the use of AI technologies to help current and future workforces.
· Protect: In order to preserve our national security, certain technology-focused export restrictions such as International Traffic in Arms Regulations and arms control regulations should apply to AI.