Improving U.S. companies’ ability to sell to more markets and customers abroad is critical for economic growth and job creation in the U.S. The U.S. can improve market access for the technology sector by developing and cultivating strong relationships with our international trading partners, participating in efforts to shape global trade rules, and avoiding unnecessary trade wars which hurt American consumers, workers, and businesses of all sizes. TechNet supports:
· The advancement of comprehensive trade negotiations and agreements with the European Union, India, Japan, Kenya, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, and Vietnam.
· Renewal of Trade Promotion Authority, with increased attention to negotiation objectives on issues such as climate change, human rights, and the responsible use of technology, and with careful attention to transparency throughout negotiating processes.
· U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO). TechNet understands the need for constructive dialogue about WTO reform, but recognizes the WTO as the world’s preeminent trade body.
· The requirement in all future free trade agreements negotiated by the U.S. that our trading partners join the WTO Information Technology Agreement (ITA), the expansion of ITA in 2015, and any future extension of ITA to new products.
· A successful outcome in the WTO’s E-Commerce/Digital Trade negotiations.
· Further reductions in tariff and non-tariff barriers to information, communications, and advanced energy technology products, services, and investments.
· Protections for the free flow of data across borders, appropriate protections for intellectual property (including source code), and protection of intermediary liability.
· Greater expansion of market access for trade in services, including those that are digitally delivered.
· Making sure U.S. companies can compete on a level playing field for procurement opportunities with the governments of our trading partners.
· Allowing products with commercial encryption to be traded freely.
· Heightened attention to the need for global supply and value chains — particularly important to global innovation — which are often disrupted by government imposition of data localization requirements, including forced technology transfers, audits of proprietary code and other trade secrets, and investment conditions that discriminate against U.S. interests.
· Customs modernization and open payment systems that support e-commerce and digital trade flows, particularly by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). This support includes trade facilitation measures and customs relief to small businesses operating abroad by compelling our trading partners to raise their de minimis thresholds to better align with the standards of the U.S and maintaining current U.S. de minimis policy.
· A copyright framework modeled on current U.S. law which incentivizes innovation by providing reliable protection for all creative works, including software. This should include appropriate limitations and exceptions, consistent with current U.S. law, to drive the growth of new emerging technologies, such as machine learning and text and data mining.
· Interoperable data privacy and cybersecurity standards and, where available, utilizing international models and best practices.
· Securing commitments by our trading partners to build the capabilities of their national entities responsible for coordinated vulnerability disclosures undertaken voluntarily by the private sector.
· Addressing concerns about China’s trade practices via targeted policy responses and international coalition efforts, instead of tariffs that lead to higher prices, slower economic output, and weaker demand for American products.
· The Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act (FIRRMA), included in the 2019 National Defense Authorization Act, which reformed the Committee on Foreign Investment in the U.S., and the Export Control Reform Act (ECRA), which created new processes focused on emerging technologies. Congress and the administration should ensure that FIRRMA and ECRA are implemented in ways that keep the U.S. at the forefront of innovation in emerging technologies while effectively addressing important national security objectives.
· Approaches to export control and supply chain security compliant with the U.S. Information and Communications Technology and Services Supply Chain rules that safeguard the national security of the U.S. while ensuring that our nation stays at the global forefront of technology innovation. This includes focusing on creating resilient supply chains with options for supply of critical technologies from a variety of trusted suppliers inside and outside the United States.