The development of connected and automated vehicles (CAVs) will enable tremendous societal benefits by improving vehicle safety and access to transportation for disabled people, the elderly, and others who cannot currently drive themselves. Fully connected and automated vehicles will improve safety by reducing the severity and frequency of automobile accidents and will mitigate other inefficiencies of current motor vehicle use, such as congestion.
TechNet supports policies that encourage the safe deployment of fully automated vehicles on public roads in the United States. These policies include the promotion of investment in infrastructure and other architecture that will enable and accelerate CAV operations.
TechNet is concerned that well-intentioned state policy frameworks could unintentionally stifle innovation and impede the safety benefits of this technology. As such, states should avoid adopting policies that will create or maintain barriers to the testing, development, and deployment of this technology and the benefits that come with it.
The state program supports the following principles:
- Because of the potential benefits of CAVs, special regulations for human-operated vehicles with “automated” features should be avoided. When a human is in the driver’s seat with immediate access to driver controls, existing law is sufficient and there is no need to impose additional requirements or restrictions.
- State policymakers should avoid vehicle performance standards, safety regulations, or certifications that supplement or go beyond, overlap, or conflict with federal law, regulations, or automated vehicle guidance. A patchwork of policies will stifle or impede innovation.
- Frameworks, regulations, and constructs that restrict competition or limit operation of self-driving vehicles to only one segment of innovators or automotive technologies should be avoided. Policies should ensure companies that test or deploy fully automated vehicles are accountable for the safety of their products. Policies should be technology-neutral, avoid picking winners and losers, and prioritize public safety.
- A human operator for operation, testing, and deployment should not be required. Policymakers should not predetermine how the technology will develop or legislate technology by specifying the role of a human in its development.
- Local ordinances, or other formal local sign-off, as a prerequisite for testing or deployment within a state should not be required. TechNet believes that a patchwork of local laws and regulations would be unnecessarily burdensome and could impede travel between jurisdictions.
- Maintaining the system of self-certification by the manufacturer, not a pre-market approval process. Support voluntary compliance with the guidelines outlined in “Preparing for the Future of Transportation: Automated Vehicles 3.0.”
- The operation of self-driving vehicles in the state should be subject to the same accident reporting requirements as other human-driven vehicles, but no more. These existing laws are sufficient to address the states’ interest in assessing road safety.
- Policies that promote the investment in the infrastructure needed to enable and support CAV operations.
- State laws and regulations should be updated to remove legal barriers to driverless deployment of CAVs on public roads.
- Use of definitions and terminology consistent with the Society of Automobile Engineers (SAE) J3016.
- Avoiding special licensing and registration for CAVs and special permits for testing or development.
- Maintaining existing laws and policies on negligence, product liability, etc., unless and until the need for change is demonstrated.